Anarchism and atheism are the inevitable consequences of enlightenment thought. Two ideas, in particular, stand out as logical precedents to atheism and anarchy. The concession that reason and evidence "trump" personally held opinions. That physical evidence "wins" in any conflict with concepts in the mind. This principle eliminates God, in addition to unicorns, pixies (not The Pixies), and other superstitions as factors or explanations for anything real. The equality of all people. A radical concept then and now. Radical equality eliminates the possibility of the legitimate use of physical force in human interactions. This, in turn, makes the state impossible. Radical equality also declares that there is no "hidden" structure that divides humanity into castes or groups, one which "should" have authority over another. All of human history is the narrative of opposing thoughts: the divine right of kings, the dialectical materialism (which I incorrectly refer to as the "historical dialectic" in the podcast, republicanism, meritocracy, and good old fashioned racism and sexism.